dry nose syndrome and its treatment
Dryness of the nose is a common symptom of certain adverse environmental conditions and can also be a side effect of medications. The nose requires a certain level of humidity to work properly, and extremely hot or dry conditions can result in dry nose. Hot, dry climates, low humidity, and air conditioning can all lead to dryness in the nose. Empty Nose Syndrome (ENS) is a disease that can occur after surgical removal or reduction of the nasal turbinates or septum correction surgery.
dry nose is symptom of which disease?
Dry nose is rarely a sign of a serious medical condition.
Nasal symptoms that may occur along with dry nose
Dry nose may accompany other symptoms affecting the nose including:
- Change or alteration in smell
- Nasal congestion
- Redness, warmth or swelling
Symptoms that might indicate a serious condition
In some cases, dry nose may occur with other symptoms that might indicate a serious condition that should be immediately evaluated in an emergency setting. other serious symptoms including:
- Arrhythmias (irregular heartbeats)
- Blurred vision
- Difficulty breathing
- High fever (higher than 101 degrees Fahrenheit)
- Urine retention
dry nose syndrome symptoms
Patients describe the feeling of having a dry, empty nose accompanied by shortness of breath, even though the nose is completely clear and open .The patient has the sensation of too much air flowing in and too little resistance inside the nose. These symptoms often improve when the nasal mucosa swell up due to a common cold.
Some of the typical signs of ENS (Empty Nose Syndrome) are:
- a feeling of not getting any air, even though the nose is wide open
- chronic feeling of dryness in the nose and/or throat
- feeling cold
These physical symptoms are often accompanied by psychological problems such as:
- depressive disorders
- feelings of anxiety
- nervousness and difficulty concentrating
- sleep disorders, daytime sleepiness, fatigue
Empty Nose Syndrome is therefore a disease that must be taken seriously in physical, psychological and emotional terms, since the nose’s functionality is severely limited. The nose’s functions allow for both natural nasal breathing and healthy lung function. This in turn influences physical and general well-being.
Causes of dry nose
Many medications produce side effects including dry nose. Common drugs that result in dry nose are antibiotics, antihistamines and decongestants. Overuse or abuse of drugs used to relieve congestion, especially nasal sprays, will dry the nose. Environmental conditions with low humidity also result in dry nose. Extreme heat or arid conditions do not provide adequate relative humidity for the nasal passages, and they become dry. Dryness in the nasal passages is unhealthy for the entire respiratory system, as the nose is the main humidifier of inhaled air that travels to the lungs. The mucous membranes that line the respiratory system require humidity to work properly, as does saliva in its role as a mouth cleanser. Sjogren’s syndrome is an autoimmune disorder that attacks the mucus and moisture-producing glands of the body. It is characterized by dry eyes and mouth, but individuals who have this syndrome may also experience dry nose.
Serious or life-threatening causes of dry nose
In some cases, dry nose may be a symptom of a serious or life-threatening condition that should be immediately evaluated in an emergency setting. These conditions include severe infections of the respiratory system.
potential complications of dry nose
Because dry nose can be due to serious diseases, failure to seek treatment can result in serious complications and permanent damage. Once the underlying cause is diagnosed, it is important for you to follow the treatment plan that you and your health care professional design specifically for you to reduce the risk of potential complications including:
- Poor quality sleep
- Recurrent bleeding
- Spread of infection
Basically, there are surgical and non-surgical treatment options. The non-surgical forms of treatment are geared toward preservation and care of the remaining nasal mucosa. The nose is kept as moist and free of irritation and infections as possible. The aim of a surgical procedure, on the other hand, is to permanently relieve the symptoms of Empty Nose Syndrome.
See a doctor if nasal dryness is not relieved within one week of home treatment or is accompanied by dry eyes and dry mouth.
- Talk to your doctor if you suspect one of your medications may be causing dry nasal passages. An example of medications that can cause nasal dryness are some anti-anxiety medications, diuretic blood pressure medications, pain relievers, eye drops and heart medications. Do not stop taking a prescription medication without first consulting with your doctor.
treatment options for Empty Nose Syndrome
Various non-surgical measures can also contribute to maximise the effectiveness of treatment for Empty Nose Syndrome:
- daily nasal rinses and sea salt inhalation
- saltwater nasal sprays
- drinking plenty of fluids, while avoiding drinks containing caffeine
- taking mucolytic drugs (e.g. GeloMyrtol)
- use of humidifiers, especially in the bedroom and workspace
- CPAP sleep mask with humidifier
- avoiding environmental conditions that dry out the nasal mucosa
- spending time in areas that have a beneficial effect on the nasal mucosa (e.g. a maritime climate)
- improving bacterial flora by using Symbioflor1 drops in the nose daily
- low-fermentation diet
- a generally healthy, active lifestyle
What are the surgical options?
The goal of any surgical procedure is to bring the air flows in the nose back into balance so as to restore largely natural nasal breathing. The missing nasal turbinates are reconstructed using implants. This is possible with modern implant technology. Nasal turbinate tissue is unique and irreplaceable. New implant materials like acellular collagen matrix, can reduce symptoms. They are placed underneath the nasal mucosa of the septum and/or the lateral wall of the nose, and are meant to restore normal air flows, so that the typical ENS symptoms like dry nose become a thing of the past. If only a little of the inferior nasal turbinate has been removed, the structure of the turbinate can also be improved by an injection of Cymetra (liquid Alloderm). The advantage of this new “Alloderm implant” is that it is not rejected by the body, and also retains its form and volume in most locations in long-term studies.
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