what is Sinusitis? symptoms, causes, prevention and treatment
Sinus disease is a major health problem. People who have allergies, asthma, structural blockages in the nose or sinuses, or people with weak immune systems are at greater risk. A bad cold is often mistaken for sinusitis (sinus disease). Many symptoms are the same, including headache or facial pain, runny nose and nasal congestion. Unlike a cold, sinus disease symptoms may be caused by bacterial infections. It often requires treatment with antibiotics (drugs that kill the germs causing the infection).
sinusitis is a common condition in which the cavities around nasal passages (sinuses) become inflamed and swollen for at least 12 weeks . Sinusitis may be classified in several ways, based on its duration and the type of inflammation (either infectious or noninfectious) .Depending on the type of sinusitis ,might use various treatment include medications and surgery . these are effective treatments at relieving the infection and the miserable symptoms that come along with it.
What is sinusitis?
Sinusitis is an inflammation of the sinuses. It is often caused by bacterial (germ) infection. Sometimes, viruses and fungi (molds) cause it. People with weak immune systems are more likely to develop bacterial or fungal sinusitis. Some people with allergies can have “allergic fungal sinusitis.” Acute sinus disease lasts three to eight weeks. Sinus disease lasting longer than eight weeks is considered chronic. An infection of the sinus cavity close to the brain can be life threatening, if not treated. In rare cases, it can spread to the brain. Normal sinuses are lined with a thin layer of mucus that traps dust, germs and other particles in the air. Tiny hair-like projections in the sinuses sweep the mucus (and whatever is trapped in it) towards openings that lead to the back of the throat. From there, it slides down to the stomach. This continual process is a normal body function. Sinus disease stops the normal flow of mucus from the sinuses to the back of the throat. The tiny hair-like “sweepers” become blocked when infections or allergies cause tiny nasal tissues to swell. The swelling traps mucus in the sinuses.
Symptoms of Sinusitis
Common symptoms of sinusitis include:
- Postnasal drip
- Discolored nasal discharge (greenish in color)
- Nasal stuffiness or congestion
- Tenderness of the face (particularly under the eyes or at the bridge of the nose)
- Frontal headaches
- Pain in the teeth
- Bad breath
If you think you have sinus disease, see for proper diagnosis. In most cases, sinus disease treatment is easy. By stopping a sinus infection early, you avoid later symptoms and complications. Sinus disease is often confused with rhinitis, a medical term used to describe the symptoms that accompany nasal inflammation and irritation. Rhinitis only involves the nasal passages. It could be caused by a cold or allergies. Diagnosis depends on symptoms and requires an examination of the throat, nose and sinuses. Your doctor will look for:
- Swelling of the nasal tissues
- Tenderness of the face
- Discolored (greenish) nasal discharge
- Bad Breath
Non surgical Sinusitis Treatment
Antibiotics are standard treatments for bacterial sinusitis. Antibiotics are usually taken from 3 to 28 days, depending on the type of antibiotic. Because the sinuses are deep-seated in the bones, and blood supply is limited, longer treatments may be prescribed for people with longer lasting or severe cases.
Nasal decongestant sprays
Topical nasal decongestants can be helpful if used for no more than three to four days. These medications shrink swollen nasal passages, facilitating the flow of drainage from the sinuses. Overuse of topical nasal decongestants can result in a dependent condition in which the nasal passages swell shut, called rebound phenomenon
Endoscopic Sinus surgery
If drug therapies have failed, surgery may be recommended. Anatomical defects are the most common target of surgery. Functional endoscopic sinus surgery is a minimally invasive technique used to restore sinus ventilation and normal function. The most suitable candidates for this procedure have recurrent acute or chronic infective sinusitis, and an improvement in symptoms of up to 90 percent may be expected following the procedure.
A doctor uses an endoscope, inserted through your nostrils, to view the passageways and sinus openings, and a series of micro-cutting instruments to remove obstructive or abnormal tissue.This tissue removal expands the openings to the sinuses and the pathways through which sinuses drain, helping clear sinuses and promote healing. patients who receive functional endoscopic sinus surgery show a statistically significant improvement in symptoms and quality of life following surgery. Recovery times for surgery vary, based on the extent of the procedure. Many people return to normal activities within one to two weeks following surgery.
Home remedy for sinusitis
To give some immediate relief for a sinus infection, consider a nice warm bath. Add a cup of baking soda or Epsom salt and a few drops of eucalyptus essential oil if you have it on hand. If you close the bathroom door and fill the tub using the shower head (using hot water) you will fill the bathroom with steam. The steam can help your sinuses to drain while you take your bath.
If you do not have the time or inclination for a bath, you can use hydrotherapy in a localized fashion. You will alternate warm and cool applications over the sinuses. The warm water will bring fresh blood to the area for healing. The cool applications will help to reduce inflammation.
- Get two bowls.
- Put warm water in one bowl and cool water in the other.
- Put a cloth in each bowl.
- Beginning with the cool cloth, wring out the cloth and place it over your face.
- After 1 minute, change to the warm cloth and hold that on your face for 30 seconds.
- Continue alternating for a total of 7 changes of the cloths.
- Start and end with the cool cloth.
This therapy can be repeated several times a day or as often as you desire.
Herbal Sinus Steam
Mix equal parts of the following herbs from your spice cabinet. (Skip whatever you do not have on hand.)
- minced onion (dried)
- minced garlic (dried)
- caraway seeds
- cinnamon chips (like a broken up cinnamon stick, or add some powder
If you mix up a pint jar worth of the dry herbs, it will last a little while. When you need it, bring a pan of water to boil. Add 2-3 T. of mix. Being careful of the hot pan, use a towel to cover your head and the pan and breathe in the warm steam. This steam also works well for any cough that may accompany your sinus infection.
Nasal saline washes
Nasal rinses can help clear thickened secretions from the nasal passages.
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